So what is Benzene?

Categories:  Environment    Features
Wednesday, March 1st, 2017 at 2:45 PM
So what is Benzene? by Katie Chriest

The National Center for Biotechnology Information defines benzene as a “Toxic, volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbon byproduct of coal distillation,” which “causes central nervous system damage acutely and bone marrow damage chronically and is carcinogenic. … EPA has classified benzene as known human carcinogen for all routes of exposure.”

The NCBI identifies the following effects:

 – Acute (short-term) inhalation exposure of humans to benzene may cause drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, as well as eye, skin, and respiratory tract irritation, and, at high levels, unconsciousness.

 – Chronic (long-term) inhalation exposure has caused various disorders in the blood, including reduced numbers of red blood cells and aplastic anemia, in occupational settings.

 – Reproductive effects have been reported for women exposed by inhalation to high levels, and adverse effects on the developing fetus have been observed in animal tests.

 – Increased incidence of leukemia (cancer of the tissues that form white blood cells) have been observed in humans occupationally exposed to benzene.

The Tonawanda Community Air Quality Study, released in October 2009, had “measured ambient concentrations of hazardous air pollutants,” and “the results identified elevations of several chemicals, including benzene, linked to the Tonawanda Coke Corporation (TCC). The air quality study also identified areas with an excess lifetime cancer risk associated with TCC benzene emissions.”

Benzene is likewise the pollutant that Erie Coke Corp. has been sued for emitting. – K.C.

Erie Reader: Vol. 7, No. 25
Now Available — Pick It Up Today

CURRENT

We give you a special sneak preview for the BEST OF ERIE Winners! AND we talk to emcee Charles Brown, and even make some music of our own...

Use this calendar to your “Advent”-age

A merry little inspiration for your local shopping needs

I loved nearly every scene of Greta Gerwig’s Lady Bird.

Get out the door to see and hear what’s really happening at Scotty’s Lounge.

IN THIS ISSUE

Use this calendar to your “Advent”-age

A merry little inspiration for your local shopping needs

I loved nearly every scene of Greta Gerwig’s Lady Bird.

Get out the door to see and hear what’s really happening at Scotty’s Lounge.

The latest Electroflux series will feature dRachEmUsiK alongside D.Minoza, greyscapes and Modular Moose.

Dark, intense, and infinitely cool, Charlotte Gainsbourg’s Rest is captivating.

John Fetterman, a man for all cities, in push for Lieutenant Governor bid

 

Multiple outlets offer locally made shirt designs and more

Where next should we waste our billions of new gasoline tax revenue?

Justice League is nowhere near as bad as Batman v. Superman, but it’s not very good either.

2017 Best of Erie Voting Now Open! Vote Now!
Closing in
Click here to close now