No history of American representative government could properly be written without a major reference to Rep. Jeannette Rankin. The Montana Republican carries the distinction of being the first woman elected to the U.S. Congress, in 1916. In 1940, riding a tide of isolationism, she won her second term in the House. The December 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor put an end to isolationism, but Rankin remained true to her anti-war beliefs, becoming the only member of Congress to vote against declaring war just as she had in 1917. – Corrine Egan, B.A.